Thomas Hobbes Biography And View On Justice

1420 words - 6 pages

Thomas Hobbes
Introduction
Thomas Hobbes sees human from a mechanistic view that life is simply the motions of the organism believes that a state of nature in human kind will eventually become a state of war of all against all. He attempted to justify the absolute power of the sovereign on the basis of a hypothetical social contract in which individuals seek to protect themselves from one another by agreeing to obey the sovereign in all matters. The key element in Hobbes’s view on human nature was the importance of desires. He believes Law is the regulation over human kind`s essential selfishness. His works are considered important statements of the nascent ideas of liberalism as well as of the longstanding assumptions of absolutism characteristic of the times.

Thomas Hobbes’s Life
Thomas Hobbes, born in April 5, 1588, is an English philosopher who are now consider as a pioneer of modern political principles. His works has strongly influence all of subsequent English moral and political philosophy. Thomas Hobbes’s writing focus on aesthetics, free will and determinism. His most famous work is Leviathan, and a trilogy De Cive: Philosophical Rudiments Concerning Government and Society, De Corpore Politico: Human Nature, and De Home: On Man. He even entered into some mathematical controversies by claiming that he had squared the circle. He was secretary to Francis Bacon, visited Galileo and engaged in disputes with Descartes. Thomas Hobbes lived through the English civil war which shaped his explicit materialistic view on human nature and monarchic political domination. Combining his background and his personality, it makes him both a notorious and a respected political theorist. Thomas Hobbes died at December 4, 1679.
Positive Law
In Thomas Hobbes’s perspective, positive law is the idea that law and humankind`s natural rights come from the state. Human action can be explained in purely mechanical terms, and human beings are governed by passions and aversions. Law is how rational men would act for their survival and prosper. It is a precept found by reasoning, by which men are forbidden to do that which is destructive of his life. Thomas Hobbes believes that human`s rights needed strong laws to protect them and the only way law could prevail was for men to submit to the commands of the sovereign. The ultimate source of law now comes from the sovereign, these rights can be given and taken away by the state, and they are not universal. Thomas Hobbes supported the king over Parliament, with the reason he believes monarchy works best for governing the society; which earned him the enmity of those Parliament, namely the king. However he also denied the divine right of the king, argues that ecclesiastical authority who the king inherit are ought to be supreme and shall be obeyed, which earned him the enmity of many royalists, except the king.
Desire is the key element of human nature
According to Thomas Hobbes, Law is nothing but the sum of...

Find Another Essay On Thomas Hobbes Biography And View On Justice

Thomas Hobbes and Modern Liberalism Essay

1911 words - 8 pages Introduction Thomas Hobbes is frequently credited as being a forefather to modern liberalism. With his beliefs on individualism, along with his agreeance and acceptance of intellectual and moral autonomy it is easy to understand why many modern liberals would agree with Hobbes’s political philosophy. However, Thomas Hobbes does not support the concept of a democratic government, rather he supported the notion of a absolutist government up

Comparing Thomas Hobbes and Augustine Essay

819 words - 3 pages eternal peace. Eternal peace is where faith, love, and hope are to be enjoyed, such as in The City of God. In Book XIX, Augustinian social theory summarizes the principle of ordered harmony. This theory finds perfection in a mutual society that believes in God. Believing in God, though, lends a problem in the simple rule of justice: how do we give each other their due? Seemingly, war or hostility would not be a part of a Christian's life on earth

Thomas Hobbes´ Influence on Modern Day Politics

1177 words - 5 pages Why as individuals do we surrender certain liberties to a higher sovereign power that possess control over us? Thomas Hobbes was a political philosopher who is considered one of the fathers of liberal thought and the modern liberal state. His famous political work, Leviathan, suggests that for our own preservation, we form into commonwealths under rulers to escape from the "miserable condition of war" . We combined into these large groups of

Comparing John Locke and Thomas Hobbes

1232 words - 5 pages Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are two political philosophers who are famous for their theories about the formation of the society and discussing man in his natural state. Their theories are both psychologically insightful, but in nature, they are drastically different. Although they lived in the same timeframe, their ideas were derived from different events happening during this time. Hobbes drew his ideas on man from observation, during a

Thomas Hobbes and the Social Contract

1634 words - 7 pages Thomas Hobbes was the first philosopher to connect the philosophical commitments to politics. He offers a distinctive definition to what man needs in life which is a successful means to a conclusion. He eloquently defines the social contract of man after defining the intentions of man. This paper will account for why Hobbes felt that man was inherently empowered to preserve life through all means necessary, and how he creates an

Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

2132 words - 9 pages Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau developed theories on human nature and how men govern themselves. With the passing of time, political views on the philosophy of government gradually changed. Despite their differences, Hobbes and Rousseau, both became two of the most influential political theorists in the world. Their ideas and philosophies spread all over the world influencing the creation of

Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

2212 words - 9 pages Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau have very different views on the social contract largely based on their fundamental views of the state of nature in humanity. These basic views of natural human nature cause Hobbes and Rousseau to have views on opposite sides of the spectrum, based on two controversial speculations, that human is inherently good or that human is inherently inclined towards egotism and perpetual insecurity. Due to his

René Descartes and Thomas Hobbes : A Dialogue

1467 words - 6 pages René Descartes and Thomas Hobbes: A Dialogue As one embarks on the incredible journey through Descartes’ meditations, a plethora of doubts, criticisms and seemingly fundamental problems arise and block one’s progress. No doubt, many of these can be attributed to the fact that we of the twenty-first century come more than three and a half centuries after the brilliant mind of Descartes (or shall we say, ‘that was Descartes’) spawned the

Justice in Plato's Republic and Hobbes' Leviathan

2841 words - 11 pages violate agreements because those men risk the security of the state. Hobbes? reply implies that people are capable of rational cooperation in the state of nature and because this is possible justice prevails. His view that man is in a constant state of nature which generates war, suggests that cooperation among men is necessary, even if it is temporary. Since faithfulness to covenants must always be expected to further self-preservation

Biography on Journalist Thomas Friedman

1445 words - 6 pages Thomas Friedman is an op-ed journalist that works for The New York Times. He often writes about issues concerning the Middle East but has some focus on America and other foreign countries like China. He is Jewish, well educated, and sixty years old. His experiences as a teenager and the way he was raised influence how he writes and is the reason for his focus on foreign affairs for The New York Times. He has also more recently been focused on a

Calvin and Hobbes: An Existentialist View

1921 words - 8 pages Calvin and Hobbes: An Existentialist View Faster and faster, the slick red wagon slaloms across the rocky terrain, carrying a blonde-headed boy and his stuffed tiger along each turn of the track. Calvin, an imaginative six year old who makes us laugh with his childish antics, and Hobbes, the philosophical stuffed tiger, both make a statement about the world they were created in. Calvin and Hobbes is essentially an existentialist comic

Similar Essays

Thomas Hobbes' View On Government Essay

736 words - 3 pages Thomas Hobbes' View on Government         Thomas Hobbes in his controversial work, the Leviathan, declares that such       a government based on the rule of the common people, would result in       anarchy and total pandemonium.         But before one can understand Hobbes' view on government, it is important       to understand how Hobbes feels about people. Hobbes has a very       materialistic view on

In This Discussion We Will Look At The Meaning And Nature Of The Social Contract As Seen From The Point Of View Of Political Theorists, Thomas Hobbes And John Locke

2024 words - 8 pages How did people ever get together, and probably be still long enough, to form government? Were their rights negotiated or given? In this discussion we will look at the meaning and nature of the social contract as seen from the point of view of political theorists, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.General Social ContractAccording to Roland (1994): "The fundamental basis for government and law in this system is the concept of the social contract

Thomas Hobbes' Ideas On Monarchy Essay

1264 words - 5 pages Assessment on Hobbes' Ideas on Monarchy Thomas Hobbes was a proponent of the monarchal system and in this paper I will prove that Hobbes was right in supporting the monarchal system of government, I will also show the opposing school of thought, and finally, I will give you my opinion on the monarchal system. Thomas Hobbes lived from 1588-1679 and throughout most of his life there was violence going on all around him. The biggest case was

Hobbes And Rousseau's View On A "State Of Nature"

529 words - 2 pages 1651, Thomas Hobbes published ?Leviathan.? ?So that in the nature of man, we find three principal causes of quarrel. First, competition; secondly, diffidence: thirdly, glory.? (Leviathan, 1651. Chapter 13.) This showed many fundamental psychological claims about the human condition. Furthermore the image shown on the front shows a King or Emperor governing a city with violence. It shows various pictures of authority and violent weapons to portray
sous le vent | Andrew Blackall | Ulf Pilblad