Thomas Hobbes sees human from a mechanistic view that life is simply the motions of the organism believes that a state of nature in human kind will eventually become a state of war of all against all. He attempted to justify the absolute power of the sovereign on the basis of a hypothetical social contract in which individuals seek to protect themselves from one another by agreeing to obey the sovereign in all matters. The key element in Hobbes’s view on human nature was the importance of desires. He believes Law is the regulation over human kind`s essential selfishness. His works are considered important statements of the nascent ideas of liberalism as well as of the longstanding assumptions of absolutism characteristic of the times.
Thomas Hobbes’s Life
Thomas Hobbes, born in April 5, 1588, is an English philosopher who are now consider as a pioneer of modern political principles. His works has strongly influence all of subsequent English moral and political philosophy. Thomas Hobbes’s writing focus on aesthetics, free will and determinism. His most famous work is Leviathan, and a trilogy De Cive: Philosophical Rudiments Concerning Government and Society, De Corpore Politico: Human Nature, and De Home: On Man. He even entered into some mathematical controversies by claiming that he had squared the circle. He was secretary to Francis Bacon, visited Galileo and engaged in disputes with Descartes. Thomas Hobbes lived through the English civil war which shaped his explicit materialistic view on human nature and monarchic political domination. Combining his background and his personality, it makes him both a notorious and a respected political theorist. Thomas Hobbes died at December 4, 1679.
In Thomas Hobbes’s perspective, positive law is the idea that law and humankind`s natural rights come from the state. Human action can be explained in purely mechanical terms, and human beings are governed by passions and aversions. Law is how rational men would act for their survival and prosper. It is a precept found by reasoning, by which men are forbidden to do that which is destructive of his life. Thomas Hobbes believes that human`s rights needed strong laws to protect them and the only way law could prevail was for men to submit to the commands of the sovereign. The ultimate source of law now comes from the sovereign, these rights can be given and taken away by the state, and they are not universal. Thomas Hobbes supported the king over Parliament, with the reason he believes monarchy works best for governing the society; which earned him the enmity of those Parliament, namely the king. However he also denied the divine right of the king, argues that ecclesiastical authority who the king inherit are ought to be supreme and shall be obeyed, which earned him the enmity of many royalists, except the king.
Desire is the key element of human nature
According to Thomas Hobbes, Law is nothing but the sum of...