Tibet 800 Years Of Political Unrest

1758 words - 7 pages

Tibet

800 years of political unrest (1244-2005)

The moulding of history for political gain is not something new. It has been going on for centuries, since the time of the pharaohs to even the plight of the white population under Robert Mugabe.

I shall be highlighting the case of Tibetan suppression under communist China.

Basically Modern Chinese historians and authorities have tried to claim that historically Tibet falls under Chinese sovereignty and thus should rightfully, and legally be run from Beijing, this is not true, as I shall be explaining in my report.

The first modern (post 19th century) Chinese and Tibetan hostilities began as a result of British involvement. In around 1984 China had strong links to Britain, both in trade and Military Advantages. Britain was trying to strengthen its hold over Asia, and felt China a strong vantage point. China had managed to convince Britain that they held some sort of sovereignty over Tibet, and as a result on September 13, 1876, the Sino-British Chefoo Convention was signed with China, which gave Britain the "right" to enter Tibet freely. To exercise this right Britain sent an exploration team into the Buddhist Country. This mission was disbanded when the Tibetans resisted and denied entrance on the grounds that they did not, and do not recognise Chinese rule. The Tibetans refused to have dealings with Britain because they claimed that they were dealing with China.

One way in which the Chinese feel they should control Tibet is the claim that they ( the two counties ) have always been intricately interrelated. But this is completely incorrect. During the 13th and 14th centuries both China and Tibet came under the control of the great Mongol Empire. Genghis Khan unified the hundreds of clans of northern Asia into one huge unstoppable force, capturing places such as Northern Burma, North Vietnam, Korea, areas of Serbia, China, and after peaceful submission in 1246 Tibet. Chinese authorities claim that Tibet was thus "officially incorporated into the territory of China's Yuan Dynasty"(China White Paper, p3). Yet today none of the other countries once dominated by the Mongols are oppressed by Beijing. And in reality Tibetans claim that they experienced more religious freedom, resulting in Buddhism later becoming the official religion of the Mongol Empire.

Finally in the 15th century the native Ming Dynasty overthrew the Mongols. This, Chinese Historians claim again, is evidence that China inherited control of Tibet from the Mongols, yet there is no evidence to suggest the Tibet was in anyway controlled by China, and thus wasn't related to it at all. Further more during this time Tibet and China existed, as completely separate and fully individual states, although there was communication between the two there is no evidence to point to the idea that this had any major importance.

The Chinese feel they have another right, although even by looking from their point of view it is...

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