Wallace's Revolutionary Fight Essay

1185 words - 5 pages

William Wallace was born around 1270 in Scotland near Renfrewshire. He is supposedly the second son of Sir Malcolm Wallace. Sir William was a soldier during the Scottish Revolution against England. Wallace, a great fighter and leader soon rose to power in the Scottish uprising. With his Guerilla style assault tactics and his effective sneak attacks, he took advantage of the small English military forces. Wallace's father was of lesser nobility in Scotland. This means Wallace grew up poor and was heavily taxed. There is no record of Wallace before he became a fugitive, but many say his father was one of the early leaders in the revolution, “Because there are few records of this period, much of the story of Wallace’s early life comes from a history written by a 15th-century monk named Blind Harry” (Grossman, 1). The majority of Wallace's childhood is based merely off of stories and tales. His father supposedly died when Wallace was very young. This helped Wallace in his motivation to get back at the English. Some historians say that Wallace's reason for fighting against the English was when an Englishman named Shelby insulted him. This supposedly grew Wallace's hate against the English and thus caused him to start rallying up troops.
The first note of Wallace's existence is when he killed an English Sheriff. This was when he was etched into the history books. Many compared Wallace to Robin Hood, his acts to steal and kill the wealthy only to give to the poor made it easy for people to relate the two. These several acts against English rule led him to become a national hero. Many said he stood eight feet tall and shot lightning bolts out of his eyes. Wallace was a rather large man for the time and he did have extremely good fighting ability, but obviously this isn't true. This shows that people believed in Wallace and looked to him as a superhero for the Scotts. After Wallace's campaign in northern Scotland and England which included several victories in dominating fashion he returned home back to Scotland and was knighted by Scottish nobles along with high ranking Scottish officers. To go along with being knighted he was also named Guardian of the Kingdom by leaders of the Scottish rebellion. Even with all of this support and following from the most important people in Scotland, very few Scottish nobles gave him support. Most said this was because he had not faced an enemy force of superior size. The problem with this lack of support is that Wallace had problems growing his army to any larger number. He then had to recruit untrained men who hadn’t been through much fighting. Wallace's tactics had not truly been put to the test yet. He needed to face a large force led by a great general.
Most of England's army was fighting in France in King Edward's campaign. When Edward finished his campaign and returned home, he was told stories of Sir William Wallace and his raids on English armies. He was told tales of his superior tactics and...

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