Women In The Workforce Essay

1031 words - 4 pages

Women In The Labour ForceThe past decades their has been a dramatic increase of womenparticipating in the labour force from countries all over theworld including Canada. In 1950, one Canadian worker in five wasa woman. By 1980 this percentage had doubled, and women areexpected to make up more than 44 percent of the labour force bythe end of this century.The increase in female participation started occurringduring the 1970's. This increase also caused the largest babyboom that the Canadian female labour force had ever witnessed.In North America it is common for women to have part-time orsummer jobs, and the participation rate of teenage girls is high.It is also mostly high throughout the world in places as UnitedKingdom because of the fewer women going to school. But inplaces like France, Italy, and Japan the female participationrate is very low. In most of the countries the labour force ismost participated in the age groups between 20 and 24. Thelabour force of mature women is very high in Sweden, because ofthe encouraged day care facilities which also provides thefemales with legislation that provides them with excellentbenefits. In Japan there is a drop in female economic activity,the reason why is it affects their marriage and the care of theironly child.An observation of labour force participation rates in Canadashow that female rates rose a lot between 1971 and 1981, whilethe male rate rose unnoticeably. The increase in the femaleparticipation rate was found in all age groups except in olderwomen. For women aged 15 to 19 the rate was as almost as high asthe men. But the largest increase was in the age group of 25-44years old, where the rate rose almost 50 percent. This meantthat the participation rates of the females had become more alikewith the men.Family status also influenced the female participation ratebut later on during 1981 it had a more less affect than in 1971.According to statistics just over one quarter of married womenwith young children were working, but this later changed and grewby 76 percent over the a 10 year period of time. The rate alsoshowed an increase of 47 percent for widowed, divorced, andseparated women with children. However single women with youngchildren showed a slight decrease. However the femaleparticipation rate is not so much related to family status astoday as it was many years ago.During the period of 1971 through 1981 the involvement ofmarried women went through a major change. Fewer women sawmarriage as a reason to interrupt their participation in the jobforce, and couple tended to postpone having children or nothaving any at all. While women with young children tended toparticipate less in the labour market and quit their jobs morefrequently than men. Females did the exact opposite of what mendid when they had children while working, and in some cases wereactually more stable than men without children. This showedthat the couples attitude towards having children influenced adecrease in the female...

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