Women´S Literature: The First Promise By Ashapurna Debi

3257 words - 13 pages

The primary question that comes up while we look at a certain text is the way in which the author has exercised the choice in terms of narrative modes, and the ways in which the imaginative world is communicated to the reader. In case of writers who are women, these questions demand a more rigorous reading of the text in terms of the dominant ideological frame against which the test is displayed. Speaking about the complex relationship between women’s writing and the social matrix, Tharu and Lalitha point out that, in the post independence era Indian women engaged with “the profound rearticulation of the political world and of imaginative life that took place in the 1940s and 1950s with the birth of the Indian nation” 1. The term “rearticulation” implies the presence of a system of articulation, a matrix of meta-narratives not concerned only with women as objects of gaze but also with women as agents of articulating their subjectivity, with women as writers. In problematising the position of the narrator one may hope to detect the negotiations, debates, protests and above all, the choices available to and exercised by a female writer.
The first thing that one would notice about Ashapurna Debi’s The First Promise is the position of the narrator with respect to the central character Satyabati. The narrative process is neither a third person objective rendering, nor a first person subjective one where the narrator is usually an intricate part of the narration. In Bakhtinian terms, the narrative goes beyond the monologic framework and even beyond a dialogic one (exposing a variety of narratorial, authorial and characterial voices dismantling temporal boundaries) to expand into a transgenerational polylogic level. The voice speaking out doesnot belong entirely to either Bakul or Subarna or Satya. It is about an experience lived by Satya, recorded by Subarna and communicated by Bakul. Such positioning (and dis-positioning) of narrator’s voice can be seen as a dominant narrative strategy associated with women’s writing. To understand the necessity of such narrative mode it is better to contextualize women’s writing than see it as an isolated entity outside the influence of historical and social forces. A close look at The First Promise helps one to detect the presence of a far more complex matrix of manipulation that possibly led to such need for dislocation.
Describing the “point of view” the narrator speaks from in The First Promise is near impossible as the perspective from which the reader is engaged constantly shifts from character to character, from an omniscient god-like being to one who seems to have human knowledge and qualities. Thus, simply stating that the narration is written in the third person omniscient is insufficient in truly encompassing all aspects of the narrative voice. For this reason it is helpful to turn to Gerard Genette’s description and terminology of this style of narration: focalization.2 The term...

Find Another Essay On Women´s Literature: The First Promise by Ashapurna Debi

Women of the 1930's Essay

756 words - 3 pages .” workers.org. 24 Sep. 2013. Web. 19 Nov. 2013 Citation 2 Ware,Susan. “Women and The Great Depression.” The Gilder Lerhman Institute of American History. 19 Nov. 2013. Web. 19 Nov. 2013 Citation 3 “1930’s.” discoveryeducation.com. 20 Nov. 2013. Web. 20 Nov. 2013

Women in the 1990's Essay

857 words - 3 pages National Organization for Women, and The Feminist Majority Foundation are paving the way to gender equality into the twenty-first century. These multi-million dollar organizations have the ability to reach more people in today’s society than ever before. With the new information age blooming in the nineties, these organizations have reached out to millions of people and brought the issue of gender equality to the forefront. By having this new

Violent Literature of the 1960's

3099 words - 12 pages Violent Literature of the 1960's Like any idealistic movement of the 1960’s the anti war movement began as an impassioned protest. Peaceful rhetoric dictated by the emerging counter culture lined its foundations, propelling it into existence and giving it such hope and fervor it was impossible to ignore. Causes such as this were the catalyst for togetherness and comradery within and around communities. The Free Speech Movement set the stage

Modernist Literature in Krapp´s Last Tape by Samuel Beckett

795 words - 4 pages In Krapp’s last tape by Samuel Becket there are three characteristics that make the piece a modernist one. The play’s dialogue, technology, and the fragmentation of the piece, are traits that would be often used in modernist literature. Although every writer had a different way to approach these traits, it is clear that in Krapp’s last tape they were meant to create a modernist case. The play is set up as a monologue. The monologue

The Portrayal of Women in American Literature

2229 words - 9 pages The Portrayal of Women in American Literature Throughout American Literature, women have been depicted in many different ways. The portrayal of women in American Literature is often influenced by an author's personal experience or a frequent societal stereotype of women and their position. Often times, male authors interpret society’s views of women in a completely different nature than a female author would. While F. Scott Fitzgerald

The Evolution of Women in Literature

1284 words - 6 pages Modernism, first introduced in literature in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, is the breaking of tradition and boundaries that have developed in society. Women have been seen as “lower” than men in society and have been treated as such. In Victorian society, women are seen as the keeper of the home while men are still the head of the house hold. Women are supposed to prepare all the meals, take care of the children, support their

The Women of the 1920's

1393 words - 6 pages , demanded equality and lived with bold depravity which is considered a flapper. These women's lives were not all fun and play; women had to work, often as maids in private homes, but, throughout the decade they could branch our to other jobs. "By 1920, there were more than 650 colleges that admitted both men and women, and more than seven percent of American women between the ages of 18 and 21 attended college" (Jordan 1-2). Women before the 1920's

Women in Literature: Fighting Back by Robin Reynolds

1238 words - 5 pages “A woman cannot be herself in the society of the present day, which is an exclusively masculine society, with laws framed by men and with a judicial system that judges feminine conduct from a masculine point of view” (Isben). In literature, two prominent stories involving women stand out and these are the stories of Eve and Medea. Both of these women went through a conflict within their society where they were judged by their peers. Their

Men Versus Women as Defined by Science and Literature

1728 words - 7 pages development have been studied to achieve a greater understanding of the sexes. Researchers of this age are continuously trying to close the gap of unawareness of Male to Female communication. by knowing more about the about the opposite sex, is a step closer of grasping a better understanding of ourselves. Today, many people know that Men and Women are different, but few take the time to understand the extent of our disparity. Genetically, both

The New Women of 1920's

1575 words - 6 pages As we look around at our women in today’s era, we might ask how did she become so independent, successful, and confidant? Even when I look at my own my mom, she was hired as the first woman to work as a manager at a fortune 500 business, and then created her own business. As well as my friends’ mom, who also has her own business in psychology; accomplishments like these must have originated from somewhere. The answer lies in the 1920’s. A couple

The Struggle for Women´s Right

842 words - 4 pages virtually unchallenged. But things have changed fast. Feminism also became a bad word within society. The Church was the main components of feminism, maybe this was due to the fact that women had children at home. Irish men opposed it as it challenged the primacy of men in the home, market place (NiChonaill, 2014). The Church was a patriarchal male dominating group. Society’s roles are shaped by the Church. The Church was a big opponent to women’s

Similar Essays

Debi Sundahl's Stripper From Writings By Women In The Industry

910 words - 4 pages Favorite selection Sundahl, Debi (1998) "Stripper." From Sex Work: Writings by Women in the Industry In "Stripper," Debi Sundahl explains her knowledge and experiences of a sex life while working as a sex object and as well as a feminist in addition to being a liberatist. Sundhal comes accorss the idea that female sex workers are responsible for the sexual repression of women, by asserting that in truth, to any freethinking spectator the very

The Promise By Chaim Potok Essay

859 words - 3 pages The Promise by Chaim Potok   1.In 10-12 sentences, write a brief outline of the plot of the novel. Be sure to make clear the major conflict of the story.   1.In the beginning of the novel, the main character, Reuben, is spending some time with his father at their cottage. His friend, Rachel is also vacationing nearby. Reuben finds out that Rachel's 14 year old cousin, Michael, is mentally ill, and Reuben

The Promise, By Oral Lee Brown

1499 words - 6 pages Keeping the Promise In her book The Promise, Oral Lee Brown discusses how she set out with the intention of helping one little girl and ended up changing the lives of twenty three children. She starts her narrative with a description of a child whose poverty worried her so much that her face haunted her dreams, and recounts how her search for the child brought her to Brookfield Elementary where she adopted a first grade class with the promise

"The Promise Of Sociology" By C. Wright Mills

899 words - 4 pages troubles is family violence. Whether it is a women battered by her husband, a child beaten by parents, or possibly the family pet being abused. One might say that it is a man's right to beat his wife for various reasons and that she brought it upon herself and therefore could stop it if she obeyed her husband. A parent may beat their child for justified disciplinary reasons and say, "if the child obeyed their parents they would not get a
Supernatural S14E07 | DVDFab 11.0.0.7 (x86/x64) | Rihanna & Ne Yo - Hate That I Love You.